Kisspeptins and their receptors in the brain-pituitary-gonadal axis of Odonthestes bonariensis: Their relationship with gametogenesis along the reproductive cycle.
Tovar Bohorquez, M. O., Mechaly, A. S., Elisio, M., Chalde, T., Canosa, L. F., Miranda, L. A. and Somoza, G. M.
Instituto de Investigaciones Biotecnologicas-Instituto Tecnologico de Chascomus "Dr. Raul Alfonsin" (IIB-INTECH), CONICET-UNSAM, Chascomus, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Instituto de Investigaciones Biotecnologicas-Instituto Tecnologico de Chascomus "Dr. Raul Alfonsin" (IIB-INTECH), CONICET-UNSAM, Chascomus, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: somoza@intech.gov.ar.
In vertebrates, the reproduction is controlled by the brain-pituitary-gonadal (BPG) axis and kisspeptin has emerged as a key player of this axis. In this study, we analyzed changes in the expression levels of kiss1, kiss2, and their receptors, kissr2 and kissr3 during gametogenesis in the BPG axis of feral Odontesthes bonariensis. In females, levels of brain kiss1 showed an increase at final maturation (Fm), while kiss2 levels were shown to be high at primary growth (Pg) stage, with no differences in the expression of their receptors. In the pituitary, kiss1 and kiss2 peaked at the cortical alveoli (Ca) stage, and kissr3 at initial vitellogenesis. In parallel, there was an increase of kiss1, kissr2 and kissr3 in the ovary during the Ca stage and both receptors again at Fm stage. In males, the four genes were highly expressed in the brain at the arrested (A) stage. In the pituitary, kiss2 peaked at spermatogonial (SG) and spermatocytary (SC) stages; while kissr3 reached a peak at the spermiogenic stage (SP). In testes, kiss1 and kiss2 significantly increased during the SG and SC stages; meanwhile, kissr2 increased at SG and SC, whereas kissr3 levels were significantly high at SC and SP stages. Taken together these results showed that the kisspeptin system in pejerrey is expressed in the three levels of the BPG axis with different expression profiles during the gonadal cycle. These findings pointed that kisspeptins have different roles in gametogenesis in this species.
General and Comparative Endocrinology 252: 209-218 (2017)